Having lived in Japan for a few years, I often find friends come to me for travel advice. Each and every time, I scrabble around for a few last-minute suggestions that end up feeling like poor substitutions for any commercial travel guide.

Instead of doing the very same yet again, I set about authoring a post that captures some of my favourite Japanese experiences to-date.

Overview

When staying in Japan, perhaps the cheapest, and most characterful would be to stay in a Minshuku. Minshuku are the Japanese equivalent of a bed-and-breakfast. Minshuku represent pretty good value for money and are very Japanese though I’m not too sure how many there are in the centre of Tokyo. These, like Ryokyan, will have shared bathing facilities.

If you’re planning to do any travelling outside of Tokyo, you’ll want to pick up a Japan Rail Pass which offers extremely cost-effective access to Japan’s comprehensive, but otherwise expensive, rail network. The rail pass comes with only one notable restriction: you won’t be able to use the Nozomi trains; the fastest of the Shinkansen.

Be sure to take the time to experience at least one Onsen.

Seasons; Autumn colours, etc.

Tokyo

There’s enough to see in Tokyo that it warrants a section all of its own.

Also worth considering:

When in Tokyo, I’ve always enjoyed staying in the Park Hotel, which, starting on the 30th floor, offers some fantastic views of the city.

While in Tokyo, it’s also good to visit one or two of the parks. These typically cost to visit, but offer a fantastic escape from the city.

Akihabara

Akihabara

Akihabara, or ‘Electric Town’, is the place to go for all things electronic. Wander around, and you’ll encounter a goodly number of people in cosplay, a myriad anime stores, and many little shops dedicated to various specialist parts. You can also try out a maid café.

If you’re actually looking to purchase electronics, I’d suggest checking out one of the two multi-storey stores: Bic Camera, or Yodobashi Camera.

Harajuku

Yoyogi Park.

From here, you can walk to Shibuya.

Japanese ‘gothic’ hangout and good for amusement on a Sunday afternoon).

Asakusa

Big shrine.

From here, you can take a Water Bus to the man-made island of Odaiba – it gives quite a good contrast of the different cultural elements in Japan today.

Odaiba

Rainbow Bridge

Odaiba is a man-made island – built entirely, I believe, from rubbish – and offers a the more kitsch Japanese experience. It plays host to a number of shopping areas, including Venus Fort, a shopping mall themed after an Italian town, complete with fountains and simulated sunsets.

There are some pretty great views from Odaiba, and, looking back across Tokyo Bay to the mainland, you can put the city in context a little better.

Tokyo Tower

Tokyo Tower

Tokyo Skytree

Tokyo Skytree

Tsukiji

Ghibli Museum

Ameyoko

Shinjuku

There are also some great views to be had from the free observation decks of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, located in Shinjuku.

Sugamo and Rikugien

Day Trips

Outside of Tokyo, there are three popular locations close worthy of a visit (though you probably only want to do one of them): Nikko, Kamakura, and Hakone (the first two are essentially temple hot-spots and the latter just a pleasant location with a good view of Fuji-sama on a good day).

Nikko

Nikko can be reached from Tokyo by train, with the last part of the journey on a funicular train that winds through the Japanese countryside.

Some sample of shrines, good train trip to get here.

Shirakawa

nr. Tateyama - Museum of old houses

Hakone

Round tour with boats, cable car, funicular railway. Might be good with young kids.

Mount Fuji

Kamakura

Giant Buddha, Kamakura

Giant Buddha. By the sea. Nice beach walk.

Elsewhere

Kyoto

Kinkaku-ji, Kyoto

Sado

Kanazawa

Be sure to check out Kanazawa Castle, and Kenroku-en.

Koya-san

Koya-san

Situated to the east of Wakayama Prefecture, South of Osaka, you will find Mount Koya (Koya-san); the centre of Shingon Buddhism.

The train journey from Tokyo to Koya-san is a leisurely one on local trains, taking a good few hours, passing through Nara Prefecture, and ending with a cable car up the mountain itself.

There are many temples at which you can stay and, if you rise early enough, you can attend morning ceremonies.

Miyajima

Itsukushima Shrine, Miyajima

Miyajima is an island just off the cost from Hiroshima. It’s somewhat of a journey from Tokyo, but is still relatively accessible by Shinkansen. If you’ve ever bought any Japanese guidebook, you’ve almost certainly seen a picture of the torii (gateway) of Itsukushima Shrine, set in the sand.

I’d recommend spending a night or two in a Ryokan. There seems to be a pretty comprehensive listing of accommodation available here.

Nagasaki

If you’re heading West, Nagasaki is a very interesting place to visit and, being that it represents one of the first international ports in Japan, has an almost European character in some places.

Nagano

Nyuto Onsen

Japan has a wealth of natural onsen, or hot springs. You can find them all over the country. This makes it hard to single out any one place to visit, but I’ve certainly enjoyed visiting the onsen around Lake Tazawa.

Japan Guide seems to have a pretty good listing of the various Onsen available in this area.

The ryokan and onsen here will expect to pick you up from a train or bus station and return you at the end of your stay. Once you’re there, you can simply enjoy the food, hot springs, and countryside.